SIZE: Length= 36-88 mm (mean of 52 mm); Stem Length= 16-35 (23.7); Blade Length= 14-53 (28.2); Width= 18-28 (22.5); Thickness= 3-11 (6.6).
SHAPE: These points have straight-sided stems which contract from slightly developed (ca. 1-3 mm) shoulders towards a convex to straight base with rounded corners. The stem edges and bases are usually ground. Fore-sections have slightly convex edges. Maximum point width occurs at or just above mid-point. Cross-sections are a flat bi-convex.
FLAKING: Surface flaking consists generally of a narrow, shallow, well-executed retouch. It can range from a parallel to collateral patterned retouch to unpatterned in execution. Some points still retain remnants of broader thinning flake scars on their fore-section surfaces representing an earlier stage of manufacture. Blade and stem edges have had their shape regularized by a fine, intermittent retouch.
RAW MATERIAL: Points are known on Onondaga, Collingwood, Balsam Lake, Gull River, Kettle Point and other, unidentified exotic chert sources.
DISTRIBUTION: These points are highly restricted in range. They are known in southern Ontario from more northern locations, extending from the modern southern Lake Huron area on the West (Ellis and Deller 1986), around the margins of the Simcoe lowlands in southcentral Ontario (Dibb 1985; Stork 1979), to Rice Lake in the east (Jackson 1986).
AGE AND CULTURAL AFFILIATION: The antiquity of these late paleo-Indian points is unknown. Their occurrence on the bed of Lake Algonquin suggests they post-date 10,400 B.P. (Ellis and Deller 1986). Comparisons of the point form to similar, well-dated forms elsewhere in North America suggests an age of roughly 10,000 to 9,500 B.P.
REMARKS: Comparisons have been drawn between this point form and the Hell Gap points of western North America (Deller 1976; Stewart 1983). Known sites yielding these points include: Deavitt (Dibb 1985), Zander (Stewart 1984), Hussey (Storck 1979), Blezard (Jackson 1986), Hall and Heaman (Ellis and Deller 1986).