SIZE: These carefully made bifaces range from 29-60mm in length, 17-35mm in width, 4-7mm in thickness and 10-20mm in hafting width.
SHAPE: Trianguloid, biface preforms were corner notched to produce most Nettling points; however, notching can rotate to basal in orientation. Lateral edge configuration is convex, with edge serration displayed on approximately 60% of the specimens. Basal configuration varies from convex to concave and cross sections are lenticular.
FLAKING: The preform flake scars are broad and flat, which produced a thin biface. Edge serrated pieces display between 3 and 5 teeth per centimeter.
RAW MATERIAL: Some Nettling points are manufactured from local Onondaga or Selkirk cherts, but the majority are of Ohio cherts; such as, Pipe Creek chert, Flint Ridge chalcedony and a number of the Mercer Fm. varieties.
DISTRIBUTION: They are found in small numbers at least as far north as latitude 440 in Southewestern Ontario and are most common in the Northwestern Erie drainage basin.
AGE AND CULTURAL AFFILIATIONS: Nettling points are similar in form to Early Archaic Palmer points described by Coe (1964), the Cypress Creek points described by Lewis and Lewis (1961) and to Broyles (1971) Charleston Corner-Notched and to certain of her Kirk series. Broyles’ dates for the St. Albans site and recent dates from the Carolinas (J Mueller. Pers. comm.) suggest that these points were in use some time between 7500 and 8000 B.C.
REMARKS: As with most biface forms, many specimens are extensively reworked. Certain of them display one convex and one concave lateral edge, suggesting a cutting (knife) function. This biface form seems to be one of the earliest Archaic styles to reach Ontario.