The London Chapter of the Ontario Archaeological Society has published a set of projectile point type definitions in its’ newsletter Kewa. They are reproduced here from the original publication to make them available to a wider audience. The point types from Southern Ontario have cultural affinities into adjacent regions especially New York State, Michigan and Ohio. Where it was felt that the types occurring in Ontario were identical to already defined types, these names have been preserved (e.g. Meadowood, Genesee, Hi-Lo, Barnes etc.). The text of the original publication has been preserved intact and is identified in each type. Additional information, particularly pictures displaying the variability, may be included as a separate link. All information is copyrighted by the London Chapter OAS. Your comments and suggestions are welcome. Submissions are also welcome but will be subject to review by the KEWA editors as new definitions will be published there first. We would greatly appreciate plates depicting samples of the various point types. Please send any material to Jim Keron.
Southern Ontario Prehistoric Time Periods and Projectile Points
The point types are accessible under the following time periods. Also, detailed information regarding the period is available upon selecting the appropriate title and includes a corresponding point type list.
|PALEO-INDIAN||9,000 B.C. – 7,500 B.C.||EARLY: |
|EARLY & |
|7,500 B.C. – 2,500 B.C.||Nettling|
Stanly / Neville
|LATE ARCHAIC||2,500 B.C. – 1,000 B.C.||Genesee|
|EARLY WOODLAND||1,000 B.C. – 400 B.C.||Meadowood|
Meadowood Cache Blades
|MIDDLE WOODLAND||400 B.C. – A.D. 500||Saugeen |
|LATE WOODLAND||A.D. 500 – A.D. 1650||Dewaele|
Glen Meyer Tanged-Triangular
Regional Projectile Point Types
|The following sites provide further information on projectile point types from other regions of North America. |
Manitoba Manitoba Culture History: Overview , Brian Schwimmer, University of Manitoba. (The point types are intermixed in the broader discussion)
Southern New England #1 Major Aboriginal Projectile Point Types in Southern New England Chart of Point Types by Time Period, Tara Prindle, NativeTech: Native American Technology & Art.
Southern New England #2 Projectile Point Catalog, ARCH-Net, University of Connecticut.
Ohio What’s the Point? Identifying Flint Artefacts, The Ohio Public Library Information Network and the Ohio Historical Society.
North Carolina Piedmont #1 Projectile Points of the North Carolina Piedmont, H. Trawick Ward, The Research Laboratories of Archaeology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
North Carolina Piedmont #2 The Archaeology of North Carolina, Three Archaeological Symposia. Charles R. Ewen, Thomas R. Whyte, R. P. Stephen Davis, Jr.
Iowa (Paleo and Archaic) Iowa’s Prehistoric past, Office of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa.
Wisconsin Chipped Stone Projectile Points of Western Wisconsin, Jeremy L. Neinow and Robert F. Boszhardt, Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center at the University of Wisconsin – La Crosse
Southwest (Archaic) Archaic Projectile Point Typology in the North American Southwest, Bruce Hucknel, University of New Mexico And University of California at Berkley.
North America #1 LITHICS-Net, Art Gumbus.
Bibliography Projectile Point Types: The Neverending DRAFT Bibliography, Smoke (Michael A.) Pfeiffer.
See here also Fluted Points A North American Paleoindian Projectile Point Database, David G. Anderson and Michael K. Faught, Forida State University.